If you want to keep pests out of your yard you need more than a pest control professional, you need to be able to identify the pests. You can find a lot of information in books and online about common pests in the garden, but here are few tips to get you started!
The Damage Done
Many pests are grouped into the damage they do to plants in your garden. They are:
- Plant-piercing insects – These insects have beak-like mouths they use to pierce plants and then suck out the juices. These types of bugs are aphids, scales, mealybugs, lacebugs, thrips, and whiteflies.
- Leaf feeding insects – These insects feed on the flowers, roots, and leaves of the plants. They include caterpillars, grasshoppers, and beetles.
- Spidermites – These pests look are related to scorpions and spiders and pierce plants to suck out the juice.
- Leafminer – These are actually fly, beetle or moth larvae that tunnel between the layers of the leaves on the plant for food and shelter.
- Borers – These are also larvae of either moths or beetles that bore into the trunks or twigs of a plant.
Let Beneficial Bugs Take Control
The first course of action to protect your garden is to learn the species of insects that eat the harmful pests in your garden and then let them take over. They will naturally control the pests that are doing damage in your garden, so let them do their job before you try to interject with pesticides, chemicals that will only disturb the natural balance.
If you do choose to spray, use something that is less toxic such as insecticidal soap or Neem insecticide. If you must move on to other methods you should think about the following:
- The right material – You should choose an insecticide that will control the precise pest you want to target that is also safe for the plants.
- The right amount – You should read the directions on the packaging and use the minimum amount needed.
- The right application – You will need to make sure you have covered the leaves, both the topside and the underside, as well as the twigs and branches of the plants. You have to get the insecticide to the area the pest is actually feeding on for it to be effective.
There is no one way to control all pests in your garden, which is why arming yourself with knowledge is one of the best defenses you can have. Always read the label of any insecticide you may be looking at using. You can also consult with a professional pest control company, such as GreenArmy, to help you keep your garden free from pests but hospitable to the things you actually want living there!